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Raman spectra explained

Raman spectra

We graphically depict the results of our measurements as Raman spectra. We plot the intensity of the scattered light (y-axis) for each energy (frequency) of light (x-axis). The frequency is traditionally measured in a unit called the wavenumber (number of waves per cm, cm-1).

We plot the x-axis frequencies relative to that of the laser as it is the shift in energy of the light that is of particular interest.

How do I get the information I want from my spectrum?

You can tell a great deal about a material from its Raman spectrum, with different features relating to different aspects of the material.

The key features are:

The Raman shifts and relative intensities of all of the Raman bands of the material
With this, we can identify the material.

Individual band changes
A band may shift, narrow or broaden, or vary in intensity. These changes can reveal information about stresses in the sample, variations in crystallinity, and the amount of material respectively.

Variations in spectra with position on the sample
This will reveal changes in the uniformity (homogeneity) of the material. You can analyse at several arbitrary points, or systematically measure an array of points (enabling the production of images of composition, stress, crystallinity, etc.)

Image gallery

Download our Raman spectroscopy explained booklet